Ch. 1-6 Esperanza Vocabulary

4th

1. Alms –noun (used with a singular or plural verb) money, food, or other donations given to the poor or needy; anything given as charity

The priest said,"Don't forget to bring your alms for the homeless shelter next week."

2. rosehip:the fruit of the rose plant
I grabbed the rosehip and planted the seeds inside.

3. pervade(d): to become diffused throughout every part of, to become spread throughout all parts of (*source dictionary.com, merriam-webster.com )
Sentence: Spring pervaded the air.

4 silhouetted: to create a likeness cut from dark materials and mounted on a background
Katie stood against the darkness, silhouetted by the moon.

5. Pretentious: full of pretense or pretention
It turns out the papers are more pretentious than we thought.

6. indebted:Morally, socially, or legally obligated to another; beholden.
You are certainly indebted to us for all that we did for you.

7. renegades: to become a deserter or an outlaw.
Mandy became one of the renegades when she and her family moved to Indonesia and started making clothes.

8. Pestles: A tool used to grind, mix, or crush substances.
Mother used a pestle to grind the ingredients.

9. valise:A small piece of luggage that can be carried by hand, used to hold clothing, toilet articles, etc.; suitcase; traveling bag.(Info from dictionary.com)
We carry a valise when we travel by plane.

10. mortar(s)-noun:a vessel in which substances are crushed or ground with a pestle.
Phil used a mortar and pestle to grind all of his ingredients together for his garlic soup.

11. charred-adj.1:to have scorched something. 2:to have burned slightly or partly.
He charred the sausage so that it would have black streaks.

12. indignation:strong displeasure at something considered unjust, offensive, insulting, or base; righteous anger.
She was suddenly full of indignation for the man
1. Congregate:
–verb 1. to come together; assemble, esp. in large numbers: People waiting for rooms congregated in the hotel lobby.
–verb 2. to bring together in a crowd, body, or mass; assemble; collect.
–adjective 3. congregated; assembled.
4. formed by collecting; collective.

2. transforming:  
–verb (used with object)
1. to change in form, appearance, or structure; metamorphose.
2. to change in condition, nature, or character; convert.
3. to change into another substance; transmute

3. Capricious-adj. unpredictable, impulsive. Characterized by caprice.
He made a capricious move against me.

4. resurrected-
1. rising from the dead
2. the rising of Christ after his death
3. the rising of dead on Judgement Day
4. state of those risen from the dead
5. rising again from dacay or disuse
Jesus resurrected from the dead after three days.

5. premonition-(noun)a feeling of anticipation of/or anxiety over a future event.
Philbert had a premonition of fear when he remembered that he had failed to remember that his presentation on cows was today.

6. Tendril- (noun) specialized leaves that are on the Virginia creeper.
A tendril can be very heavy at one point.

7. Candelabra- (noun) The plural form of the word candelabrum.
The candelabra hold many candles. mija-the Spanish word for daughter.

8. Nape:(noun) The rearmost part/side of a neck. Dulces:the Spanish word for "sweets".
Mike's nape was itchy because a mosquito had just bitten it. The strawberry tasting dulces were delicious.

9. Serenaded:To get a song sung to you because you were pretty.
I have just serenaded Love Song to Juliet.


Entry 10. Scythe:

10a. Noun-
An agricultural implement consisting of a long, curving blade fastened at an angle to a handle commonly used for cutting grass, grain, etc. by hand.

10b. Verb (used with object)
To cut or mow with a scythe.
Sentence: //I used the scythe in the wheat field.

10c. My Spanish word:
Aguascalientes
Definition: //aguas=waters|caliente=hot

hot waters

11. Dwindled: dwin⋅dled 
–verb (used without object) 1. to become smaller and smaller; shrink; waste away: His vast fortune has dwindled away.
2. to fall away, as in quality; degenerate.
–verb (used with object) 3. to make smaller and smaller; cause to shrink: Failing health dwindles ambition.
The city soon dwindled along with its people.
My Spanish Word:
buena: good

12.pro⋅pri⋅e⋅ty:pruh-prahy-i-tee
-noun,plural-ties
1. conformity to established standards of good or proper behavior or manners.
2. appropriateness to the purpose or circumstances; suitability.
3. rightness or justness.
4. the proprieties, the conventional standards of proper behavior; manners: to observe the proprieties.
5. Obsolete. a property.
6. Obsolete. a peculiarity or characteristic of something.
I had a proppriety to being rich.

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